Jacquard is a category of fabric that is defined by the process of weaving that creates it. The style of weaving, called Jacquard weaving, allows virtually any loom to systematically raise independent warp threads to create a textured pattern. By adding an attachment to mechanical looms, Jacquard weaving lends increased versalitity and diversity to the weaving process and allows manufacturers to have greater control over warp yarn.
The technique and attachment are named after their creator, Joseph Marie Jacquard, a French weaver and merchant who lived during the late 1700s and early 1800s. His invention is considered to be one of the most important advancements in the history of programmed weaving.